Indian Law On Ethics, Confidentiality And Conflict Of Interest.

Ethics, Confidentiality and Conflict of Interest are three most bonafide contentions in the mind of a strategist looking for a long-term outsourcing relationship at an offshore location like India. Infact legal profession has always had a cautious approach in wake of any paradigm shift from conservatism to liberalism. When in 1992, the e-mail usage became popular and there were talks about attorneys using e-mail to communicate with their clients, the legal professionals unanimously ruled out such possibilities. The contention throughout the legal profession was that Attorney-Client communication generally involved interchange of confidential data and thus fell within the Attorney-Client privilege doctrine and that being so, attorneys should discourage e-mail communication with their clients as this may not be a secure and confidential means of communication. However, even though at a snails pace the fraternity not only accepted these electronic mails as a secure medium of communications but also started effectively deploying it.

Interestingly, offshore outsourcing, like any other field, is also not devoid of associated risks and impediments. But when the risks are countered head on and the benefits are overpowering enough then the results make histories. The Year 2009 laid a very strong foundation of the LPO industry when some of the biggest names jumped into the offshore outsourcing bandwagon. This trend is projected to continue in 2010, the details of which is discussed in a previous post and is not repeated for the sake of brevity.

In this article we would cover Indias answer to any contention regarding Ethics, Confidentiality and Conflict of Interest. Though not directly binding the LPO professionals, the Bar Council of India Rules, to a minimal, are indicative of the fact that India has similar laws governing lawyers on important aspects like Confidentiality and Conflict of Interest. In India, The Advocates Act 1961 and the Bar Council of India Rules govern the practice of Law and professional ethics. Let us proceed to analyze the Indian and U.S. provisions on some important aspects of Professional Ethics.

Unauthorized Practice of law

The U.S. Model Rule 5.3 addresses a lawyers responsibility to supervise non-lawyer assistants thereby placing the ultimate responsibility on the US attorney for any deliverable. Likewise, the Indian Counterpart is bound by a similar provision contained in the Bar Council of India Rules. Part VI Rules Governing Advocacy Chapter II Standards of Professional Conduct and Etiquette IV Sub Section 37 of the Rules state that, An advocate shall not permit unauthorized practice of law by any agency. This Rule read along with 29 of The Advocates Act 1961 recognizes advocates duly registered with the Bar Council as the only class of professionals eligible to practice law and bind them with a duty to discourage UPL (Unauthorized practice of law).

Conflict of Interest

The U.S. Model Rule 1.7 outlines the basic rule regarding Conflict Of Interest, namely that a lawyer shall not represent a client if the representation involves a concurrent conflict of interests i.e. representation of one client would negatively impact simultaneous representation of another client. The Bar Council of India Rules, Part VI Rules Governing Advocacy Chapter II Standards of Professional Conduct and Etiquette IV Sub Section 14 checks Conflict of Interest in Indian legal profession. The Rule states that An advocate shall, at the commencement of his engagement and during the continuance thereof, make all such full and frank disclosures to his client relating to his connection with the parties and any interest in or about the controversy as are likely to affect his clients judgment in either engaging him or continuing the engagement.


In U.S., confidentiality of clients information is governed by Model Rule 1.6, which states, a lawyer shall not reveal information relating to the representation of a client unless the client gives informed consent, the elaborate discussion to this is in the Formal Opinion 2006-3 (NY). The NY Opinion recommends US attorneys, looking to outsource their legal process to offshore jurisdiction, to ensure that foreign non-licensed workers understand the heightened duties imposed on attorneys in US (emphasis applied). This makes it all the more necessary and desirable for us to understand the Indian perspective for it. Although, India does not have a legislation specifically dealing with confidentiality of data, nevertheless, the Bar Council of India Rules – Part VI Rules Governing Advocacy Chapter II Standards of Professional Conduct and Etiquette IV Sub Section 24 states that, an advocate shall not do anything whereby he abuses or takes advantage of the confidence reposed in him by his client. This needs to be read together with – Part VI Rules Governing Advocacy Chapter II Standards of Professional Conduct and Etiquette IV Sub Section 19 an advocate shall not act on the instructions of any person other than his client or his authorized agent. The joint reading of both these provisions reflects the Indian Lawyers statutory requirement to abide with clients confidentiality.

These rules are indicative of the fact that legal profession in India is no less a noble profession. Indian lawyers have similar Professional Ethics and have Disciplinary Committees guiding them. Now when the Indian LPOs hire these lawyers, they undergo formal induction to be trained and made attuned to the different aspects of the LPO functioning. They are further made to acclimatize with the corporate working environment, confidentiality and responsible behavior as mandated. Essentially, these concepts of Confidentiality, Ethics and Conflict Of Interest are instilled within the DNA of these LPO professionals. Even otherwise there is no difference between a US based Contract Attorney and an Offshore Attorney. To illustrate, when a New York based attorney hires an attorney from outside NY but within US to do some portion of his work then by the virtue of definition the latter is not an attorney vis–vis the formers jurisdiction. Now the same impediments of Confidentiality, Conflict of Interest and Unauthorized Practice of Law is sustained in retaining a Contract Lawyer as from India as much from outside NY. Inter alia this is a plain and simple view of answering the bonafide contentions in the mind of an individual looking to offshore location like India to outsource his legal processes.

Toyota Lemon Law Litigation

If you are having a problem with your Toyota, it is important to understand your lemon law rights. Do not depend on the dealer to provide you with information about what issues are covered under warranty. The first thing you should do is review your owner’s manual, including your warranty details. You can even call Toyota for warranty verification. There will be a phone number in your owner’s manual. You also must read your own state’s lemon law statues because each state has its own specific guidelines.

When seeking a buyback or compensation, the law mandates that you prove there is a defect. Right now, there is no clear reason why there have been acceleration problems and Toyota has not been declared at fault so the company has yet to acknowledge the vehicles under the lemon law. However, if you have a vehicle with acceleration problems or a serious safety defect, you do not have to continually send it to the mechanic for repair. Each state has a specific number of times a car must have been in for repair before it can be considered a lemon. When dealing with Toyota and your state’s lemon law, it is important to maintain thorough documentation about the repair attempts. Every time the vehicle is in for repair, make sure you get written documentation as proof that the vehicle has an ongoing defect.

You should not have to pay for repairs related to Toyota complaints. Toyota must be notified about the problem so they have the opportunity to resolve the problem before you file a legal complaint. Many experts believe that sticking gas pedals on Toyotas are examples that would apply under a state’s law.

If you suspect that your Toyota has a defect, and you do nothing, your lemon law statutes may not apply. When it comes to resolving your problem, there are Lemon Law attorneys that have made a career out of challenging automakers selling defective products. Because Toyota is in the process of doing recalls and trying to determine the cause of the problem, many lemon law experts feel it may be too soon to file a lawsuit against the company. Until Toyota has repaired the problem or the cause of the problem has been found, it may be difficult for consumers to actually prove there is a defect. If you are concerned about your Toyota, you can always consult with an experienced lemon law attorney who can advise when, or if you should take legal action.

Quantum Physics And The Law Of Attraction What’s The Connection

You might ask yourself, what does quantum physics and the law of attraction have in common? How are these two concepts even related at all? At first, I was as confused as you are. However, I soon learned that these two matters are more than just related, they’re inseparable.

Read on to find out more about quantum physics and the law of attraction.

It’s All About Energy.

The law of attraction states that everything is governed by energy. Our thoughts, emotions and actions are all considered manifestations of energy.

Quantum physics is no different. It is the study of indivisible units of energy called quanta. It was first conceptualized by a man named Max Planck and was later on developed by many other physicists including Albert Einstein.

One Action Affects Physical Processes.

So quantum physics and the law of attraction both deal with energy. What else do they have in common? Now this is where things get a little strange. I admit I was also very surprised when I first learned about it.

The law of attraction works when we make a conscious effort to change the way we feel, think and act. When we want to attract a raise, for example, we imagine ourselves already enjoying that raise and buying all sorts of things with our increased salary. Such a simple move already changes our fate.

The same could be said of quantum physics. According to studies, mere observance of something can affect an outcome.

A Million Different Probabilities

Here’s another connection between quantum physics and the law of attraction. According to the law of attraction, nothing is impossible. The universe does not choose who gets to fulfill their wish and who doesn’t. You could be single for another year or meet your soul mate when you turn the next corner!

Quantum physics believes in a series of probabilities as well. Using the same example, you can be both single and in a relationship in the world of quantum physics. Until a measurement (or in this case, a confirmation) is made, you can be both.

Another interpretation of quantum physics is that there are many worlds where many, different versions of yourself exist. In this world, you can be single. In another, you can be married with five children.

Quantum physics and the law of attraction are both very fascinating subjects. Somewhere, somehow they meet in the middle. At first, the law of attraction sounds too good to be true (and most people still hang on to that belief), but it’s actually quite an inherent principle.

Just like the law of attraction, the world of quantum physics works in an out-of-the-world way compared to our familiar reality but it exists.

Is the law of attraction not working for you? Then Quantum Cookbook can help! It contains two of the most critical steps that are missing from “The Secret” and guides you step-by-step through the whole manifestation process.

Fixing The House Or Breaking The Law The Scoop On Hiring An Illegal Maid

An illegal immigrant is a person who has crossed a national border in any manner that violates the laws of immigration. People do this for a variety of reasons. Some feel this is their way out of poverty. They come to the United States to look for work. You may come across someone like this who seems to need your help. Perhaps you are looking for an affordable way to keep your home clean. You may consider the possibility of hiring an illegal immigrant as a maid. In that scenario, it would seem that both parties have something to gain.

Is it Wrong to Hire an Illegal Immigrant Maid?

On one hand, seeing a person in a desperate situation can naturally make a person want to help. The person may be very nice and just in a bad predicament. Your job offer could help feed this person’s family. Another reason people may wish to hire an illegal immigrant as a maid is to possibly get the labor for a lower amount than they would normally pay, because an illegal immigrant will not report them for substandard pay due to having an illegal status.

On the other hand, when considering whether or not to hire an illegal immigrant maid, it is important to remember that there are consequences that can go along with offering that help. Consider the fact that if you do, you could possibly be charged with a felony.

An alternative does exist in encouraging this person to apply for the guest worker program, which, if approved, would allow an illegal immigrant to remain legally employed without the risk of deportation. The guest worker program is a way for illegal immigrants to temporarily remain in the U.S. for employment purposes. Qualifying for the guest worker program will take away the risk of deportation.


As mentioned on, knowingly encouraging or harboring an illegal alien, by assisting him or her in finding work or by providing employment, is a violation of federal law. Employment is defined as any service or labor. Is a maid considered an employee? The answer is not simple. Some may consider maid services to be domestic services.

According to The Boston Globe, a border protection chief is facing criminal charges for hiring illegal immigrants as maids. Perhaps a solution for him before hiring these maids could have been to encourage the illegal immigrants to apply for the guest worker program. If they had been approved, they could have been legally employed by him.

Lee S. McCullough The Best Asset protection Attorney in Provo, Utah USA

Lee S. McCullough, III received a Master of Accountancy degree from Brigham Young University and a Juris Doctorate degree from the J. Reuben Clark Law School at Brigham Young University, where he graduated magna cum laude. In addition to his private law practice, Lee works as an adjunct professor at the law school at Brigham Young University and he is president-elect of the Utah Valley Estate Planning Council. Lee represents the owners of many top companies including Skullcandy, Logoworks, Omniture, Apex Alarm, Raser Technologies,, Bluehost, vSpring Capital, Cirque Lodge, Wilson Audio, and more.

He has published many articles in trade association journals. He speaks regularly on tax and estate planning subjects to groups such as the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, the Utah State Bar, and the Financial Planning Association. Mission Statement: “A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour rather than silver and gold.” (Proverbs 22:1)

What You Can Expect From him: He will give you a free initial consultation with complete confidentiality. He will quote you a comprehensive fixed fee-with no surprises. He will give you the latest, most innovative and effective strategies. He will provide legal services that are honest, ethical, and reliable. He will give you personalized service- I won’t delegate your case to others. He will implement your strategy in days, not months! He will provide ongoing support for any plan that I help create.

His Clients Include . . . . . . several NFL and NBA superstars, as well as the owners of many top companies including Skullcandy, Logoworks, Omniture, Apex Alarm, Raser Technologies,, Bluehost, vSpring Capital, Cirque Lodge, Wilson Audio, Sorenson Capital, and VitalSmarts.

Asset Protection Strategies They provide ethical, legal, and effective asset protection planning for clients who are looking for greater peace of mind by protecting their assets from future liabilities. All fifty states and the federal government have passed many laws that support asset protection planning if it is done in advance of a problem. On the other hand, all fifty states and the federal government have also passed fraudulent transfer laws to limit your ability to protect assets from creditors. Asset protection planning requires a working knowledge of fraudulent transfer law, civil procedure, property law, corporate law, partnership and LLC law, trust law, income tax law, estate tax law, and more, across many different jurisdictions. These laws constantly change as new statutes are passed and as new court cases are published. Because every client’s situation is different, every case requires a fresh analysis, updated research, and highly customized documents. There is no asset protection plan or product that works for every situation.

Law School Tips- Free Helpful Roadmap For Distance Learning Law School

The top players during the field of the internet legal education also are Concord Law College and Abraham Lincoln Law School. Both law schools are also located during California. Graduates from these a pair of schools are both eligible to take the bar exam in the state of California. Following they suffer successfully taken the exam and join the California bar they may then be qualified for admission in the bar affiliations of other states. Thus, the internet law degrees also are a legit way to the legal profession.

Deciding which of the the internet law schools may are getting your tough earned tuition greenbacks is a monumental task. Be sure to thoroughly analysis all of your options before committing to a explicit school. If you really also are thinking about earning a law degree from an the web law school, you need to ask yourself plenty fundamental queries before deciding on one direction or another. First, is the internet learning straight for you? Second, do you really suffer the awesome amount of time and energy it may have to perfect law college? Third and finally, don’t approach the web law school because an easy path to become a lawyer. Earning a degree from an the web law college may be simply because rigorous and demanding because attending a traditional brick and mortar law school. Do you experience what it takes?

Choosing the right law college is a process that is different for all. A couple of the individuals are also limited at the schools that are during their geographic area, a few are limited to what schools they will be in a position to afford, while others are also limited by what law schools accept them into their college. There are a variety of different standards that affect one’s law college decision, nevertheless it is very very vital to select a law college that will offer you the best law education practical while conference your needs that might be shaped by geography, family, or your job.

Every law school has a dictated of requirements, what I experience known as the law college requirements, that are also the bare minimum criteria that all students – no matter the simple way “special his or her circumstances” – must meet. For the the majority part, each law college shares the same target and subjective requirements, though the quality of these requirements can also vary from college to college.

Similarly, letters of advice supply the law college admissions committee, the opportunity to gather extrinsic information re the law college candidate from someone besides the prospective candidate.

Law college exams usually consist of single last exam at the end of the semester. This is able to be quite different than what you actually were used to during school. Your entire grade is going to be based mostly on this final exam, which may generally consist of the entire matter covered during the semester. Now a law college exams also are usually essay-based mostly and need you to take a complex factual story and spot legal difficulties and defenses.

Deciding which law school to attend is as well a enormous problem. The most suitable advice would be to experience a short list of schools that you really would really like to apply to and too don’t get stuck on a known name school. Keep your options because open because possible and apply to a couple of schools to supply yourself an raised likelihood of getting during. Not each college is right for everyone, and you will want to do some study to find schools that feel straight to you really.

The bar is going to be search specifically for indications of “moral turpitude.” In an attempt to protect the profession, they is going to exclude anyone who could steel consumer’s money or otherwise reflect badly on the profession.

The Law Of Attraction – Thoughts, Fantasize

People who fantasize are the ones who make this world a place worth living. Fantasizing as we did when we where children will bring about a fire that will set your passion ablaze and kick the law of attraction into high gear. This world owes a lot to the people who could fantasize, think of the painters, composers, artist of all types, the sage, even the common person who adds a touch of beauty to everything they do. All great people in this world knew how to fantasize. First there is a small thought about something, then it grows and gains strength. As the thought grows the person begins to fantasize about the possibilities and outcome. From the fantasizing comes the ambition to create the reality from the fantasy. From the ambition comes the action to actually create what the person fantasized about and from the action comes the result.

Fantasize and keep the fantasies alive. These are the things that will get your heart beating a little faster, bring a tear of joy to your eye and make life fulfilling. If you fantasize and feed them the world you live in will be transformed to the life you want to live. You must feed them and keep them growing, if you do this the law of attraction will respond and make them a reality. To achieve something we must first fantasize about it. When you fantasize, the fantasy cannot be to big. Look around you, all things that you see in the stores, on the street, literally everywhere came from a person who knew how to fantasize. When you fantasize you are planting the seeds for the law of attraction to turn those thoughts into reality.

We have all heard the rag to riches stories. These are perfect examples of a person who took a thought, fantasized about it, turned it into an ambition, then took action. Typically they go something like a person arrived in a new country with only a couple dollars in their pocket. They knew no one and had no place to stay. With the law of attraction at their backs they turned their life into a world of riches, happiness and fulfillment. This is a person that because they where able to fantasize created the life they wanted. This person does not have an superhuman abilities or powers. This person is no better then you or me, they just utilized the law of attraction, thought and the ability to fantasize.

People tend to only see the results of things. We tend to contribute others good fortune to luck, outside forces, born to the right parents and so on. People seldom take the time to look what it took to get the results. This is still a world that requires action and the actions must first start with a thought, then one will fantasize which lights the passion and ambition that then turns into action. With persistent resolve of all the above the goal will be achieved, the law of attraction will see to it. A person can not just look at a result and think that is what I want and wonder why they do not have it. The steps must be followed – thoughts, fantasize, ambition, action, repeat until the result is achieved. The law of attraction will pave the way if a person follows the path.

Mother In Law Gifts That Are Guaranteed To Please.

Because she is your mother in law you might feel you do not know her tastes that well, because youve not been married to her wonderful son or daughter for all that long or she’s just a little difficult to please, or get to know (despite all the years you and her beloved off spring have been wed.), You’ve been tipped off by your spouse that she doesn’t want another scarf, candle, vase or gift basket. )or she already has everything she wants or needs apart from the proverbial box to put it all in. Here is a suggestion for a gift that cant fail, that won’t wind up in the back of the closet, re-gifted, or auctioned on eBay.

There are always a couple of people on our Christmas shopping list’s that we procrastinate to buy for those who its more like a super human challenge than a pleasant outing at the mall, Who hasn’t been struck with that feeling of Christmas shopping dread at the thought of gift buying for those hard-to-please people whether they be our mothers or grandmothers or worse still our mothers-in-law.
Well here is the solution to your problem a gift made by a female with other females in mind.

We ladies whether we are wives and mothers, grandmothers or the hated mother in law, all share one common affliction we never feel loved enough! We can never be told anywhere near enough times how much we are loved cherished and appreciated by closest family members, in fact we worry sometimes if we are loved by anyone out there at all.

All you ladies reading this recognize this to be true particularly if you have been a wife and mother for some time , we all feel neglected and unappreciated by our husbands and children to a greater or lesser extent, so benefit from this all consuming female inadequacy and choose a Christmas gift for mom in law that unashamedly expresses a personal outpouring of your love and affection, gratitude and appreciation for all that she does and has done for you , as a Christmas present. This is a gift No woman on the face of the planet could resist not ,even the most cold hearted and cantankerous seeming of mother-in-laws.

Their hearts will literally thaw before your eyes on presentation of such a Christmas present. Shop for Christmas gifts that feature a personal message of love for that important, yet sometimes seemingly impossible to buy for, female of the family. Let me tell you, watching the ice melt from the mother-in-law’s usually glacial countenance when she unwraps such a gift is a little Christmas miracle! All to itself.

No matter how aloof and reserved they may appear on the surface all female hearts are touched by openly loving and over the top sentimental gifts it never fails. There is not a female heart of any age or race alive on this whole wide world that isn’t affected by such a gift. A Christmas gift that’s inscribed with a beautiful, heart-warming sentiment of affection, will strike even the most verbally articulate women dumb, all be it for just a little while -won’t that be sweet Christmas music to the ears of any son or daughter in law.

One of Pages from the Hearts best-selling ranges is our Dear Mom/mum Album.

The Importance Of Legal Research

You can arrange to have legal research and writing done by a variety of services. One might think that nowadays in the democracy that we live in all the laws would be easily accessible to any ordinary citizen, but unfortunately that’s not true. Of course, you might be able to do some kind of limited legal research on your own but that’s all. For instance, if you know the number of a specific law you’d like to read, then you might stand a chance. However, if you are searching to find how a genuine law applies to your area of concern, then you’d have to read hundreds of pages until you find it and that simply won’t do.

Outside legal research is very useful especially when you want to research a whole area of law. In case you know how the law is organized, you might try, otherwise don’t waste your time as you won’t succeed. There is only one reason why our laws are so arduous, concealed and complex and it is because it gives power to legal professionals such as lawyers and legislators. This is how they get work which we could have otherwise done by ourselves. Consequently, if you need to understand a specific area of law concerning your business or rights, then you’d better consult a professional who will do your advanced search, or else you might waste many hours in vain trying to do it by yourself.

Generally you can try to cope without legal researchers. Often there are times when you can learn how to do legal research on a certain topic and you might be quite successful at it. For instance, I once fought for saving some of the last wetlands in the San Francisco bay. As our campaign lacked money for legal researchers we did it by ourselves. However, in our case there has already been much pioneering environmental work done, so it was not that difficult to do advanced legal search; we even managed to find the existing endangered species laws we needed. Legal research can easily frighten you and make you quit when you try it for the first time, that was the situation with us. However, we were determined to succeed and didn’t give up. After all, if you put some considerable efforts into fighting with the legal system, then even you, an ordinary citizen can take part in the democratic process.

Using The Law Of Attraction To Locate Your Perfect Partner Part 1

Using the Law of Attraction…

You are not alone in making poor dating or relationship selections. The majority of us do it sooner or later in our lives. Depressingly enough, some people continue performing it for our entire lives! I was in significant danger of continuously repeating my romantic relationship mistakes, I gave the issue a lot of thought, mostly for my self-preservation! I believe you can find two major reasons for why we have problems finding our perfect partner or true love. e.

First of all, we quite often have negative behavior patterns which we repeat over and over. An example of this might be emotional unavailability, that makes a genuine connection challenging. Another might be low confidence therefore you put others wants above yours, so you will never be satisfied. Another factor to consider is not emphasizing what we want. We don’t really know what we want which means that we wind up having default relationships that will not support us as individuals.

Prosperity affirmations

Often, both of these work in combination. You may be repeating the damaging behaviour patterns of an parent, as an example a controlling mother or father. You experience this behavior growing up and as an alternative to focusing on what you want, a supportive and non-judging partner, you concentrate on what you do not want… a controlling one. Regrettably, if our thoughts are centered on what we don’t want, that is what we are almost certainly to get.

An additional challenge to meeting the perfect partner is the fact that it is really common to place too much emphasis on the qualities your true love will have, without looking inside ourselves. Consider it this way…if what you need is a partner who’s really accessible emotionally, how probable is it that you will attract them if you’re emotionally unavailable? You will need to recognize that you need to be the individual you need to be before you attract your soul mate.

Around a year ago I ended a very destructive romantic relationship which lasted nearly all of my 20s. Everyone from my family, to my colleagues to my friends were delighted. They had all noticed that my ex partner had not been for me. He held me back as opposed to being a encouraging and loving presence in my life. As soon as I was out of the relationship I made a really serious declaration to myself, that i was going to be alone until I felt ready for any relationship.

That was probably the best relationship decision I had made up until that time in my life! I didn’t understand it at that time, but I realize if I had met somebody else at that point I would have fallen in to the exact same negative cycle. We create our personal circumstances. We create by way of our focus and thoughts. This concept is definitely an incredibly powerful piece of knowledge. This means that I alone was responsible for attracting a controlling partner in to my experience.